Bald Eagle

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Quick Facts

Bald eagle

Found: Canada and United States
Size:  6 foot wingspan
Weight:  6 to 12 pounds
Diet:  Fish, small mammals, birds
Status:  Common but still protected

Bald eagles can be found around lakes, rivers, seacoasts, marshes, and prairies.  The characteristic white feathers on the head and tail begin showing at about three years of age and become completely white around five years of age.  At any time a bald eagle can have over 7,000 feathers on its body.  The combined weight of the feathers outweighs the skeleton.  They can fly at speeds of 20 to 40 mph.  They are diurnal (active during the day) and build large platform nests that can weigh several hundred pounds.  The eagles come back to the same nest each year refurbishing it with new sticks.  They have excellent eyesight, can see in color, and can see 2 to 4 times as far as a human.  Just like owls, an eagle’s eyes can’t move from side to side. So to look around, it has to turn its whole head. 

Zoo Keeper with a bald eagle sitting on her glove.   Bald eagle   Bald eagle with Zoo Keeper