Cougar

Cougar

Puma concolor
 

Quick Facts

Cougar

Found:  U.S. and Central and South America
Size:  Females 5 feet, Males 6 feet
Weight: females up to 132 lbs, males 230
Diet:  deer, raccoon, rabbit, beaver
Life Span:  20 years
Status:  Depends on range



The cougar has the largest range of any mammal in the western hemisphere--from Canada to Argentina.  Puma concolor has many names including mountain lion, cougar, puma, panther, and catamount.  It is the largest wildcat in North America.   They have powerful limbs and can leap as high as 20 feet and as far as 30 feet making them a very powerful predator and extremely agile.    An individual will kill about one deer per week, afterwards dragging it to a sheltered spot where it revisits over the next several days.   Newborns have spots, which may help them blend in with grass and brush.  At six months old, their spots begin to fade and they learn to hunt.  The Florida panther is a subspecies of Puma concolor that used to be found from Texas throughout the southeast but is now found only in south Florida.  It is endangered, with only about 50 cats left, and conservation efforts are underway to try to save it.

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